What are the chances of being infertile after chemotherapy?
Some women who have normal periods after chemotherapy may be able to get pregnant with no difficulty while others may have trouble getting pregnant. This is because chemotherapy can damage the immature eggs in the ovaries. When your periods return after chemotherapy, it means that some eggs are maturing.
How long after chemo does fertility return?
Some health care providers recommend that women not get pregnant in the first 6 months after finishing chemotherapy. They say that any damaged eggs will leave the body within those first 6 months. Other health care providers suggest waiting 2 to 5 years before trying to have a baby.
Does chemo damage a woman’s eggs?
Chemotherapy (chemo) can damage the eggs that are in your ovaries. You’re born with all the eggs you will ever have. Some chemo medicines are more likely to cause infertility than others.
Do you ever fully recover from chemotherapy?
Some side effects of chemotherapy only happen while you’re having treatment and disappear quickly after it’s over. But others can linger for months or years or may never completely go away.
Does your period come back after chemo?
Chemotherapy can cause temporary menopause
The ovaries stop processing the eggs, the woman stops having a period and she goes into temporary menopause. In most cases, menstruation returns naturally eight months to two years after chemotherapy stops.
Does chemo affect periods?
During chemotherapy, women may have irregular menstrual cycles or amenorrhea (disappearance of menstrual periods). Some medications used in chemotherapy may also cause damage to the ovaries, resulting in menopausal symptoms or menopause.
Can chemo cause birth defects?
Studies show there is a risk of birth defects when a woman becomes pregnant while getting or after receiving some types of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. In some cases, the risk can last for a long time, making getting pregnant a concern even years after treatment ends.
How does chemotherapy affect the reproductive system?
Chemotherapy (especially alkylating agents) can affect the ovaries, causing them to stop releasing eggs and estrogen. This is called primary ovarian insufficiency (POI). Sometimes POI is temporary and your menstrual periods and fertility return after treatment.
Can a man get a woman pregnant during chemotherapy?
For men and women of childbearing age, it is possible to conceive a child during cancer chemotherapy. Prevention of pregnancy is very important, due to the risk of birth defects, stillbirths, miscarriages, or spontaneous abortions as a result of treatment.
Can chemo affect sperm?
Chemotherapy (especially alkylating drugs) can damage sperm in men and sperm-forming cells (germ cells) in young boys. Hormone therapy (also called endocrine therapy) can decrease the production of sperm.
How can I protect my ovaries during chemo?
There are currently several options to help women of reproductive age who are undergoing ovary-damaging chemotherapy treatment maintain the possibility of having children. They include two drugs, goserelin (Zoladex®) and leuprolide (Lupron®), which temporarily shut down the ovaries to protect them during chemotherapy.
Can you still get pregnant after radiation treatment?
A male may still be fertile while getting radiation treatments, but the sperm may be damaged by exposure to the radiation. For this reason, it is important to find out how long you should wait to resume unprotected sexual activity or to try for a pregnancy.