Best answer: What are the early stages of colon cancer?

Is Stage 1 colon cancer curable?

Stage I colon cancer is confined to the lining of the colon, does not penetrate the wall of the colon into the abdominal cavity, and has not spread to any adjacent organs or local lymph nodes. Approximately 90% of patients are cured with surgery alone and will not experience a cancer recurrence.

Does Stage 1 colon cancer have symptoms?

During the early stages of colon cancer, there are often no signs or symptoms. At later stages, symptoms tend to vary based on tumor size and location in your large intestine. These symptoms can include: change in bowel habits.

What symptoms did you have before being diagnosed with colon cancer?

Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely. General abdominal discomfort, such as frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness and/or cramps. Constant feeling of fatigue or tiredness. New onset anemia diagnosed on routine lab work.

Does colon cancer spread fast?

But if a tumor develops into a carcinoma with the ability to metastasize, it will progress to metastasis quickly. This transformation occurs within about two years, before another mutation can develop.

How long does it take for colon cancer to go from Stage 1 to Stage 4?

Colon cancer, or cancer that begins in the lower part of the digestive tract, usually forms from a collection of benign (noncancerous) cells called an adenomatous polyp. Most of these polyps will not become malignant (cancerous), but some can slowly turn into cancer over the course of about 10-15 years.

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Does colon cancer cause sharp pains?

Sharp abdominal pain could indicate a blockage or perforation in the bowel. Severe and long lasting abdominal pain, bloating and cramping can be a sign of growing tumors, as can nausea and vomiting.

How long can you have colon cancer without knowing?

Colon cancer is typically slow-growing, starting as a benign polyp that eventually becomes malignant. This process may occur over many years without producing any symptoms. Once colon cancer has developed, it may still be years before it is detected.

How do you rule out colon cancer?

In addition to a physical examination, the following tests may be used to diagnose colorectal cancer.

  • Colonoscopy. …
  • Biopsy. …
  • Biomarker testing of the tumor. …
  • Blood tests. …
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan. …
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). …
  • Ultrasound. …
  • Chest x-ray.