Can lymphoma be triggered by a virus?

What virus increases risk lymphoma?

Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an important risk factor for Burkitt lymphoma in some parts of Africa. In developed countries such as the United States, EBV is more often linked with lymphomas in people also infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Can flu cause lymphoma?

Khoury notes that a virus called HTLV-1 directly causes a kind of leukemia. And Burkett’s lymphoma can be triggered by reactivation of latent Epstein-Barr virus infection. Moreover, previous studies have shown a seasonal variation in ALL cases, with more cases seen in the winter months that include flu season.

Can Epstein-Barr virus cause lymphoma?

The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is linked to various B-cell lymphomas, including Burkitt lymphoma (BL), classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) at frequencies ranging, by routine techniques, from 5 to 10% of cases in DLBCL to >95% in endemic BL.

What are the warning signs of lymphoma?

Signs and symptoms of lymphoma may include:

  • Painless swelling of lymph nodes in your neck, armpits or groin.
  • Persistent fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Itchy skin.
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Can stress cause lymphoma?

There is no evidence that stress can make lymphoma (or any type of cancer) worse. Remember: scientists have found no evidence to suggest that there’s anything you have, or have not done, to cause you to develop lymphoma. It is important, however, to find ways to manage stress.

What is the most common early symptom of lymphoma?

The most common symptoms of lymphoma are:

  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Fatigue.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Sweats.
  • Itching.

What can be mistaken for lymphoma?

Conditions that non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is commonly misdiagnosed as include:

  • Influenza.
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
  • Cat scratch fever.
  • HIV.
  • Infections.
  • Mononucleosis.

Will lymphoma show up in blood work?

Blood tests aren’t used to diagnose lymphoma, though. If the doctor suspects that lymphoma might be causing your symptoms, he or she might recommend a biopsy of a swollen lymph node or other affected area.

Where does lymphoma usually start?

Lymphoma is cancer that begins in infection-fighting cells of the immune system, called lymphocytes. These cells are in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. When you have lymphoma, lymphocytes change and grow out of control.

Can lymphoma be benign?

Benign lymphoma, also referred to as a pseudolymphoma or as a benign lymphoid hyperplasia (BLH), is a rare non-cancerous (benign) tumor made up of lymphocytes. Lymphocyes or white blood cells are part of the body’s immune system and help defend our body against infection.

Can glandular fever be mistaken for lymphoma?

Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most common cancers affecting children and young adults. Although the cure rate is high, it’s easily mistaken for other diseases, like glandular fever.

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