What are the symptoms of colon cancer in males?
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include: A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain.
How does colon cancer come?
Most cases of colon cancer originate from noncancerous tumors called adenomatous polyps. These form on the inner walls of the large intestine. Cancerous cells may spread from malignant tumors to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems.
Why is colon cancer more common in males?
Conclusions. As there are minimal sex differences in the data from routes to diagnosis to survival, the higher mortality of colorectal cancer in men appears to be a result of exogenous and/or endogenous factors pre-diagnosis that lead to higher incidence rates.
What are the chances of a man getting colon cancer?
Lifetime risk of colorectal cancer
Overall, the lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer is: about 1 in 23 (4.3%) for men and 1 in 25 (4.0%) for women. A number of other factors (described in Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors) can also affect your risk for developing colorectal cancer.
What age can a man get colon cancer?
Colorectal cancer can occur in young adults and teenagers, but the majority of colorectal cancers occur in people older than 50. For colon cancer, the average age at the time of diagnosis for men is 68 and for women is 72.
How long can you have colon cancer without knowing?
Colon cancer is typically slow-growing, starting as a benign polyp that eventually becomes malignant. This process may occur over many years without producing any symptoms. Once colon cancer has developed, it may still be years before it is detected.
What type of food causes colon cancer?
Just like processed meats, processed grains can also increase your risk of colon cancer. Refined grains in white bread and other white flour foods can increase blood sugar levels, which lead to insulin resistance. This can raise your risk of colon cancer—as well as other cancers like kidney cancer.
How do you prevent colon cancer?
Six Ways to Lower Your Risk for Colorectal Cancer
- Get screened for colorectal cancer. Screenings are tests that look for cancer before signs and symptoms develop. …
- Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. …
- Get regular exercise. …
- Take control of your weight. …
- Don’t smoke. …
- Avoid alcohol.
Who is prone to colon cancer?
Both men and women are equally at risk for colon cancer. Colorectal cancer is most common among people aged 50 and older but can occur in patients as young as teenagers. Over 75% of colon and rectal cancers happen to people with no known risk factors, which is why regular screening is so important.
Does colon cancer run in families?
Cancers can “run in the family” because of inherited genes, shared environmental factors, or some combination of these. Having family members who have had adenomatous polyps is also linked to a higher risk of colon cancer.