How is BCG administered for bladder cancer?

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What is the success rate of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?

Doctors typically use BCG immunotherapy to treat stage 0 and stage 1 bladder cancer. The 5-year relative survival rate for people with stage 0 bladder cancer is 95.4 percent . For people with stage 1 bladder cancer, this figure is 69.4 percent .

How are BCG treatments administered?

BCG is given by intravesicular infusion. This means it is given directly into the bladder through a urinary catheter. The urinary catheter is inserted through the urethra (the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body). The BCG solution is injected into the catheter, which is then clamped.

How long do you hold BCG in bladder?

You will need hold the medicine in your bladder as long as possible up to 2 hours. During that time you may be encouraged to lie down or stay relaxed. For at least 6 hours after you are treated with BCG, your urine will still contain some of the medication and the bacteria it is made from.

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What are the side effects of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?

What are potential side effects and complications of BCG treatment?

  • Small amount of blood in urine.
  • Low grade fever (99-100°F)
  • Tiredness.
  • Urinary frequency, urgency and burning with urination.
  • Muscle or joint achiness.

How painful is BCG treatment?

It is generally not considered a painful procedure, though some may find it uncomfortable. Any urine remaining in the bladder will be drained and then a BCG solution will be inserted into the bladder next to the tumor and should remain for two hours.

Does BCG cause hair loss?

Hair loss does not occur with BCG.

What happens after your first BCG treatment?

Treatment with BCG can cause a wide range of symptoms. It’s common to have flu-like symptoms, such as fever, achiness, chills, and fatigue. These can last for 2 to 3 days after treatment. It also commonly causes a burning feeling in the bladder, the need to urinate often, and even blood in the urine.

Can you drink coffee after BCG treatment?

You may also experience a small amount of bleeding and discomfort when passing urine, particularly in the first 24 to 48 hours after treatment. Drinking plenty of clear fluids will help. Avoid tea and coffee as caffeine tends to make the bladder irritability worse.

How do you install a BCG in the bladder?

You are about to receive medication into your bladder. This is done by inserting a catheter into the opening of the urethra, then into the bladder. When the catheter is in the bladder, medication (BCG) will be passed through the catheter into the bladder.

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Can you drive after BCG treatment?

You will need to keep the BCG in the bladder for two hours. After this time you will be able to go home. You should feel well enough to drive yourself home after the treatment, but on the first occasion you may want to ask for a friend or relative to collect you, just in case.

How do you manage the side effects of BCG?

Severe complications are treated with three or four tuberculostatics over 3–12 months, depending on the severity of the situation. Corticosteroids are an essential therapy in BCG septicemia. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids can manage efficiently the immunological complications.

What should I do after BCG?

After treatment

You will be asked to: sit down to pass urine – this avoids splashing urine on the toilet seat. wash the skin in and around your genital area with soap and water after you pass urine – this cleans any drops of BCG that may have splashed on to your skin.