Can lymphoma be misdiagnosed as thyroid cancer?
Learning points. Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is an uncommon malignancy of the thyroid gland and is usually, although not invariably, preceded by Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. It is very easily mistaken for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma on histology.
What is associated with thyroid cancer?
The main symptom of thyroid cancer is a lump or swelling at the front of the neck just below your Adam’s apple, which is usually painless. Women also have Adam’s apples, but they’re much smaller and less prominent than a man’s. The lymph nodes in your neck can also be affected and become swollen.
Where does thyroid lymphoma spread to?
Primary thyroid lymphoma affects the thyroid gland first, followed by spread to the lymph nodes and other organs later. Secondary thyroid lymphoma affects lymph nodes and other organs first followed by spread to the thyroid later.
Is thyroid lymphoma curable?
It is highly curable, without the need for extensive surgery. Accordingly, early recognition and correct treatment of this condition is vital. The most common cell type is diffuse large-cell lymphoma, either associated or unassociated with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (MALToma).
What are early warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.
Do you get chemo for thyroid cancer?
Chemotherapy is rarely used to treat thyroid cancer, but it’s sometimes used to treat anaplastic thyroid carcinomas that have spread to other parts of the body. It involves taking powerful medicines that kill cancerous cells. It does not cure thyroid cancer, but it may help to control the symptoms.
Is thyroid lymphoma painful?
In thyroid lymphoma, the thyroid gland becomes enlarged and firm, which often causes difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, and/or a hoarse voice. Patients often notice a rapidly enlarging mass in their neck, which may be tender.
What is the survival rate of thyroid lymphoma?
|.||DLBCL .||MALT Lymphoma .|
|Treatment||Radiation + chemotherapy||Localized, radiation|
|Disseminated, radiation + chemotherapy|
|5-y disease-specific survival rates (5, 7)||71–75%||96–100%|
What is a lymphoma of thyroid?
In thyroid lymphoma, the lymphocytes of the thyroid turn into cancer cells. Thyroid lymphoma is a very rare disease that accounts for 1 to 2% of all thyroid cancers and 1 to 2% of all lymphomas outside the lymph nodes. Most patients are older with an average age in the late 60’s.