Is nasopharyngeal carcinoma curable?

Does nasopharyngeal cancer come back?

If NPC comes back, the baseline study will help the doctors track when the changes began. Most recurrences of NPC happen within the first 2 to 3 years after treatment, so follow-up visits will be more frequent during those years. People who have had NPC have a higher risk of developing a second cancer.

Does nasopharyngeal cancer cause death?

One of the most common cancers in head and neck is nasopharyngeal cancer [3, 4], which is associated with a very unique geographical distribution pattern. It is reported that there are about 86,500 cases of nasopharynx cancer and 50,000 deaths from the disease worldwide [5].

What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.

Is nasopharyngeal carcinoma rare?

Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is quite rare. In most parts of the world (including the United States), there’s less than one case for every 100,000 people each year. This cancer is much more common in certain parts of South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa.

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Is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer curable?

The 5-year disease-specific survival rate for the 173 patients was 32.3%, and the 5-year disease-specific survival rates for the groups of patients according to their stages were 100% for stage I, 85.7% for stage IIa, 54.5% for stage IIb, 30.4% for stage III, 25.0% for stage IVa, and 25.0% for stage IVb.

Can you survive nasopharyngeal cancer?

They’re often curable if the cancer hasn’t spread beyond the head and neck region. Overall, about 50 out of every 100 people (50%) diagnosed with nasopharyngeal cancer will live for five years or more after diagnosis. Survival rates are better for younger people, but worse for older people.

How fast does nasopharyngeal cancer grow?

The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.

What is Stage 2 nasopharyngeal cancer?

Stage 2 nasopharyngeal cancer means one of the following: No cancer is seen in the nasopharynx, or the cancer is within the nasopharynx and may have grown into the nasal cavity or oropharynx. There is cancer in the lymph nodes on one side of the neck, or behind the throat on one or both sides of the neck.

Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?

In most cases, people with nasopharyngeal cancer notice a lump on the back of their neck. There may be one or multiple lumps, and they‘re usually not painful. These masses appear when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the neck and causes them to swell.

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Can nasopharyngeal cancer spread to the brain?

It is widely known that, although NPC can directly invade the skull base, true brain metastases of NPC are rare. The most common sites for distant NPC metastases are the bone, lung, and liver.