Is polycythemia caused by cancer?

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Is polycythemia a primary cancer?

Primary polycythemia is also called polycythemia vera (PV). PV is a rare, slow growing blood cancer that is a type of condition known as a myeloproliferative neoplasm.

Can polycythemia be non cancerous?

Low red blood cells or hemoglobin called anemia is the most common blood disorder world-wide. However, some patients have hemoglobin that is too high called polycythemia.

What is the most common cause of polycythemia?

Primary polycythemia is genetic. It’s most commonly caused by a mutation in the bone marrow cells, which produce your red blood cells. Secondary polycythemia can also have a genetic cause. But it’s not from a mutation in your bone marrow cells.

What is polycythemia caused by?

It’s usually caused by a change in the JAK2 gene, which causes the bone marrow cells to produce too many red blood cells. The affected bone marrow cells can also develop into other cells found in the blood, which means that people with PV may also have abnormally high numbers of both platelets and white bloods cells.

Is polycythemia a form of leukemia?

In rare cases, polycythemia vera may eventually progress into a form of leukemia known as acute myeloid leukemia.

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How long can you live with polycythemia?

According to an article in Blood Cancer Journal, the median survival time for people with PV is 14 years after diagnosis. The authors take this survival time from a study in which half of the participants were still alive 14 years after diagnosis. Younger people tend to live for longer with the disease.

Is polycythemia a terminal illness?

Without treatment, polycythemia vera can be life-threatening. But proper medical care can help ease signs, symptoms and complications of this disease.

Is polycythemia vera a death sentence?

There is currently no cure for PV, but the disease is not necessarily a death sentence. According to the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, the median life expectancy after diagnosis is 20 years.

Can polycythemia go away?

There’s no cure for polycythemia vera. Treatment focuses on reducing your risk of complications. These treatments may also ease your symptoms.

What are two conditions that cause polycythemia?

What are the risk factors for polycythemia?

  • Hypoxia from long standing (chronic) lung disease and smoking are common causes of polycythemia. …
  • Chronic carbon monoxide (CO) exposure can also be a risk factor for polycythemia.

How is polycythemia detected?

To diagnose PV, your doctor will perform a test called a complete blood count (CBC) to see if your number of red blood cells is higher than normal. Your doctor may also test your blood to look for amounts of a hormone called erythropoietin. Lower-than-normal levels of this hormone can be a sign of PV.

What is the difference between polycythemia vera and polycythemia?

Secondary polycythemia is defined as an absolute increase in red blood cell mass that is caused by enhanced stimulation of red blood cell production. In contrast, polycythemia vera is characterized by bone marrow with an inherent increased proliferative activity.

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