Is Rituxan considered chemotherapy?

Is rituximab chemotherapy or immunotherapy?

Rituximab was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in DLBCL nearly 20 years ago. It was the first immunotherapy approved for specific use in cancer, and it quickly demonstrated a dramatic improvement in outcomes in patients with DLBCL when combined with chemotherapeutic agents.

What kind of drug is Rituxan?

Rituximab is an intravenous drug that is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It belongs to a class of drugs called monoclonal antibodies. Other monoclonal antibodies include trastuzumab (Herceptin) and gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg).

Is rituximab cytotoxic chemotherapy?

The direct effects of rituximab include complement-mediated cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, and the indirect effects include structural changes, apoptosis, and sensitization of cancer cells to chemotherapy.

What is considered a chemotherapy drug?

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body. Many different chemotherapy drugs are available.

What is the difference between Rituxan and rituximab?

Rituxan is the trade name for rituximab. In some cases, health care professionals may use the trade name rituxan when referring to the generic drug name rituximab. Drug type: Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody. (For more detail, see “How this drug works” section below).

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What cancers are treated with rituximab?

Rituximab is used to treat non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). It is best to read this information with our general information about the type of cancer you have. Rituximab belongs to a group of cancer drugs known as monoclonal antibodies.

Is rituximab an immunosuppressant?

Rituximab may in addition cause immunosuppression through several other mechanisms such as delayed-onset cytopenia, particularly neutropenia and hypogammaglobulinemia. Clinical trials have shown conflicting results regarding the association of rituximab with infections.

How long can you take Rituxan?

Rituxan can provide up to 6 months of symptom improvement from 1 course of treatment (2 infusions given 2 weeks apart). Be sure to talk with your doctor to find out if starting and continuing treatment with Rituxan is right for you.

How long is a Rituxan infusion?

Your first treatment may take 4 to 6 hours or more. If you have an infusion-related reaction, your infusion will be slowed or stopped. Your next infusions should take less time. Starting with the second treatment cycle, your infusions will generally take between 3 and 4 hours.

Does Rituxan shrink tumors?

In short, rituximab helps the immune system to target and kill cancer cells more effectively.

Is Rituxan hard on the kidneys?

Kidney Problems: Especially if you are receiving Rituxan for non–Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). Rituxan can cause severe kidney problems that lead to death. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests to check how well your kidneys are working.