Question: Where can lymphoma spread to?

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Can lymphoma spread everywhere?

NHL can spread through the lymphatic system, or sometimes through the bloodstream, to almost any tissue or organ in the body. NHL usually starts in an area of lymph nodes. When it spreads to an organ or tissue outside of the lymph nodes, it is called extranodal spread.

How long does it take lymphoma to spread?

These grow so slowly that patients can live for many years mostly without symptoms, although some may experience pain from an enlarged lymph gland. After five to 10 years, low-grade disorders begin to progress rapidly to become aggressive or high-grade and produce more severe symptoms.

Where does lymphoma usually start?

Lymphoma is cancer that begins in infection-fighting cells of the immune system, called lymphocytes. These cells are in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. When you have lymphoma, lymphocytes change and grow out of control.

Is lymphoma a death sentence?

Myth #1: A diagnosis of lymphoma is a death sentence.

Treatments are very effective for some types of lymphoma, particularly Hodgkin’s lymphoma, when detected early on. In fact, medical advances over the last 50 years have made Hodgkin’s lymphoma one of the most curable forms of cancer.

Does lymphoma run in families?

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma isn’t infectious and isn’t thought to run in families, although your risk may be slightly increased if a first-degree relative (such as a parent or sibling) has had lymphoma.

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How bad is chemo for lymphoma?

Chemotherapy kills cells that multiply quickly, such as lymphoma cells. It also causes damage to fast-growing normal cells, including hair cells and cells that make up the tissues in your mouth, gut and bone marrow. The side effects of chemotherapy occur as a result of this damage.

Do you feel ill with lymphoma?

Lymphoma in the stomach can cause inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis), which may cause pain, nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting. Lymphoma in the bowel can cause abdominal pain, diarrhoea or constipation.

What can be mistaken for lymphoma?

Conditions that non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is commonly misdiagnosed as include:

  • Influenza.
  • Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
  • Cat scratch fever.
  • HIV.
  • Infections.
  • Mononucleosis.