What blood tests are used to diagnose testicular cancer?

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Can testicular cancer be detected in a blood test?

Some blood tests can help diagnose testicular tumors. Many testicular cancers make high levels of certain proteins called tumor markers, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). When these tumor markers are in the blood, it suggests that there’s a testicular tumor.

What two tests can be used to confirm testicular cancer?

What to expect during your appointment: exam, blood test, and ultrasound. First, the doctor will examine your testicles for lumps or swelling. A blood test will be performed to test for certain proteins in your blood. These proteins are called tumor markers and can be used to diagnose testicular cancer.

How can you tell if you got testicular cancer?

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  1. A lump or enlargement in either testicle.
  2. A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
  3. A dull ache in the abdomen or groin.
  4. A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
  5. Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum.
  6. Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts.
  7. Back pain.

Does CBC show testicular cancer?

It is effective in containing many types of cancer, including testicular cancer. Blood Count – A CBC, also called a complete blood count, is a screening test used to diagnose and manage many diseases.

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What can be mistaken for testicular cancer?

More common than testicular cancer is epididymitis, which is inflammation of the epididymis, a tubular structure next to the testicle where sperm mature.

How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

What cancers are not detected by blood tests?

During the trial, 24 additional cancers not identified by the blood test were picked up by standard screening: 20 breast cancers, 3 lung cancers, and 1 colorectal cancer. Of the 24 cancers, 22 were early-stage cancers.

What is WBC in blood test?

The white blood cell (WBC) count totals the number of white blood cells in a sample of your blood. It is one test among several that is included in a complete blood count (CBC), which is often used in the general evaluation of your health.

What shows up in a blood test?

Specifically, blood tests can help doctors: Evaluate how well organs—such as the kidneys, liver, thyroid, and heart—are working. Diagnose diseases and conditions such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, anemia (uh-NEE-me-eh), and coronary heart disease. Find out whether you have risk factors for heart disease.