What happens when basal cell carcinoma spreads?

How quickly does basal cell carcinoma spread?

The tumors enlarge very slowly, sometimes so slowly that they go unnoticed as new growths. However, the growth rate varies greatly from tumor to tumor, with some growing as much as ½ inch (about 1 centimeter) in a year.

What happens if you don’t remove basal cell carcinoma?

Without treatment, a basal cell carcinoma could grow — slowly — to encompass a large area of skin on your body. In addition, basal cell carcinoma has the potential to cause ulcers and permanently damage the skin and surrounding tissues.

Is there an aggressive form of basal cell carcinoma?

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) can present with indolent or aggressive subtypes. These subtypes usually display vascular features, which are often readily identified using dermatoscopy.

What is the survival rate for basal cell carcinoma?

The prognosis for patients with BCC is excellent, with a 100% survival rate for cases that have not spread to other sites. Nevertheless, if BCC is allowed to progress, it can result in significant morbidity, and cosmetic disfigurement is not uncommon.

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What is the average size of a basal cell carcinoma?

Santiago et al. researched 306 cases of BCC with an average size of 5.7 mm (range: 5-6 mm). Excision of the tumors using 2, 3, and 4 mm margins achieved complete excision of the lesion, including the subclinical extension area, in 73.9%, 94.4%, and 99% of cases, respectively.

Which is more serious basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma?

Though not as common as basal cell (about one million new cases a year), squamous cell is more serious because it is likely to spread (metastasize).

How long does it take to heal after basal cell removal?

Depending upon the size, may take up to 4 to 6 weeks for the wound to heal completely, but infection, bleeding and pain are uncommon. Close the wound with sutures (stitches). This option is appropriate when scarring must be kept to a minimum or when the natural healing process would be inadequate.

Is basal cell carcinoma fatal?

Although basal cell carcinoma grows slowly and doesn’t usually spread to surrounding areas, it can be life-threatening if left untreated.

What is aggressive BCC?

Aggressive-growth basal cell carcinoma (AG-BCC) defines a group of basal cell cancers that are histologically and clinically aggressive. This group includes morpheaform, infiltrating, and recurrent BCCs.

What does aggressive BCC look like?

What does BCC look like? BCCs can look like open sores, red patches, pink growths, shiny bumps, scars or growths with slightly elevated, rolled edges and/or a central indentation. At times, BCCs may ooze, crust, itch or bleed. The lesions commonly arise in sun-exposed areas of the body.

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What happens if basal cell goes untreated?

It rarely spreads to other parts of the body. This type of skin cancer needs to be treated and has a high cure rate. If left untreated, basal cell carcinomas can become quite large, cause disfigurement, and in rare cases, spread to other parts of the body and cause death.