What happens when colon cancer spreads?

Does colon cancer spread quickly?

Once cancer has developed in the colon, its progression will vary according to the cellular makeup of the tumor and other factors, such as the age and overall health of the patient. The general progression of colon cancer tends to be slow, but it is still a serious disease that warrants prompt medical attention.

Where is the first place colon cancer spreads?

Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, but it can also spread to other places like the lungs, brain, peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), or to distant lymph nodes. In most cases surgery is unlikely to cure these cancers.

How quickly does colon cancer metastasis?

They don’t need to acquire any new genetic mutations to become metastatic. The research also suggests that once a colon carcinoma develops, if it is going to spread outside the colon, it will do so in less than two years.

What are signs that colon cancer has spread?

Symptoms of colon cancer that has spread to specific areas

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Quick Answer: Does ovarian cancer cause low progesterone?

Symptoms may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, chest pain or a persistent cough. Brain – Colon cancer that has spread to the brain may result in headaches, confusion, memory loss or blurred vision.

Can you live 10 years with stage 4 colon cancer?

Stage IV colon cancer has a relative 5-year survival rate of about 14%. This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed.

What are the signs of end stage colon cancer?

Symptoms

  • Blood (usually dark red or black) in the stool.
  • Constipation and diarrhea. …
  • Long, thin, pencil-like stools. …
  • Fatigue and weakness. …
  • Abdominal pain or bloating. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Nausea and vomiting, which may happen if the tumor causes an obstruction.

Does colon cancer cause sharp pains?

Sharp abdominal pain could indicate a blockage or perforation in the bowel. Severe and long lasting abdominal pain, bloating and cramping can be a sign of growing tumors, as can nausea and vomiting.

Can you beat stage 4 colon cancer?

At stage IV, the disease has spread to other parts of your body, but it can still be treated. Your doctor has options to help you live longer. A cure is possible if the disease’s spread is limited. To get the best care, see a doctor who specializes in treating this stage of the condition.

What is the survival rate of metastatic colon cancer?

If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 91%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 72%. If colon cancer has spread to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 14%.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Do tumor markers mean cancer?

Can you survive colon cancer that has spread to the liver?

Patients with hepatic metastasis of colorectal cancer have a median survival of 5 to 20 months with no treatment. Approximately 20 to 30% of patients with colorectal metastasis have disease confined to the liver, and this can be managed with surgery.