Which of the following mutations is most likely to cause cancer?

Which of the following is most likely to lead to cancer?

The most common risk factors for cancer include aging, tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals, and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.

What can cause mutations which lead to cancers?

All cancer is the result of gene mutations. Mutations may be caused by aging, exposure to chemicals, radiation, hormones or other factors in the body and the environment. Over time, a number of mutations may occur in a single cell, allowing it to divide and grow in a way that becomes a cancer.

What really causes cancer?

Cancer is caused by changes (mutations) to the DNA within cells. The DNA inside a cell is packaged into a large number of individual genes, each of which contains a set of instructions telling the cell what functions to perform, as well as how to grow and divide.

What types of cancer are genetic?

Some cancers that can be hereditary are:

  • Breast cancer.
  • Colon cancer.
  • Prostate cancer.
  • Ovarian cancer.
  • Uterine cancer.
  • Melanoma (a type of skin cancer)
  • Pancreatic cancer.

Which of the following mutated proteins is most likely to cause a cell to become cancerous?

The most commonly mutated gene in people with cancer is p53 or TP53. More than 50% of cancers involve a missing or damaged p53 gene. Most p53 gene mutations are acquired. Germline p53 mutations are rare, but patients who carry them are at a higher risk of developing many different types of cancer.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Is Basal Cell Carcinoma very dangerous?

How many mutations are required to cause cancer?

Researchers from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators adapted a technique from the field of evolution to confirm that, on average, 1 to 10 mutations are needed for cancer to emerge.

What are the main causes of cancer quizlet?

What Causes Cancer?

  • Smoking and Tobacco.
  • Diet and Physical Activity.
  • Sun and Other Types of Radiation.
  • Viruses and Other Infections.