Your question: Is the sun the only way to get melanoma?

Is skin cancer always caused by the sun?

Skin cancer — the abnormal growth of skin cells — most often develops on skin exposed to the sun. But this common form of cancer can also occur on areas of your skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. There are three major types of skin cancer — basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.

Can I still sunbathe after melanoma?

Suncreen. If you’ve had melanoma, you should avoid spending too long in the sun. Your skin cancer specialist may suggest a high factor sunscreen such as 50 on any exposed skin. The higher SPF gives you extra protection but no sunscreen can provide 100% protection.

Is melanoma curable?

Melanoma is usually curable when detected and treated early. Once melanoma has spread deeper into the skin or other parts of the body, it becomes more difficult to treat and can be deadly. The estimated five-year survival rate for U.S. patients whose melanoma is detected early is about 99 percent.

Can you have melanoma for years and not know?

How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.

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Does UV cause melanoma?

For example, ultraviolet (UV) rays are clearly a major cause of melanoma. UV rays can damage the DNA in skin cells. Sometimes this damage affects certain genes that control how the cells grow and divide. If these genes no longer work properly, the affected cells may become cancer cells.

Does sun make melanoma worse?

Once you have been diagnosed with melanoma, healthcare teams usually advise you to avoid too much intense sun exposure. This is for two reasons: It may reduce the risk of developing another melanoma, which is important as 1 in 10 melanoma patients develop other primary melanomas in time.

How serious is melanoma in situ?

In situ melanomas don’t spread to other parts of the body or cause death, but if the tumor has an opportunity to grow even one millimeter deep into the skin, it can lead to more involved treatment and greater danger. If left untreated, it can metastasize and even become life-threatening.

Can I go on holiday with melanoma?

Yes. When searching for travel insurance after skin cancer you will still need to declare your past condition. If you have ever received a diagnosis of cancer you will need to declare it. For further information visit our help article: What you need to declare.