Are skin cancer rates higher in Africa?

Does Africa have a high skin cancer rate?

South Africa has the second highest incidence of skin cancer in the world after Australia. The good news is that skin cancer can be prevented by respecting the sun. The three most common types of skin cancers are basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and malignant melanoma.

Why are cancer rates low in Africa?

Patients of African ancestry have the poorest outcome and the shortest survival rates from cancer globally. This could be attributed to many variables including racial, biological, socioeconomic and sociocultural factors (either single, multiple or combined), which may be responsible for this major health problem.

Can you get skin cancer from Africa?

Yes, Black people can develop skin cancer. This is because they can be exposed to the same environmental risk factors, such as ultraviolet (UV) rays, as people of other races or ethnicities. Overall, skin cancer is less common in Black people.

Is melanoma common in Africa?

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), [6] acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is considered the most common subtype among Africans, however this conclusion is largely based on studies of the African-Americans and black South Africans [7,8,9].

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What country has the lowest skin cancer rate?

Bangladesh had the fewest cases, followed by Iraq, Egypt, India and Pakistan. However, according to Abeck, “the index reveals that countries such as New Zealand and Australia, which have some of the highest incidences of skin cancer, also have some of the lowest death rates due to high levels of health expenditure.”

What country has the highest skin cancer rate?

There were nearly 300,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of melanoma of the skin in 2018 are given in the tables below.

Skin cancer rates: both sexes.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Australia 33.6
2 New Zealand 33.3
3 Norway 29.6
4 Denmark 27.6

How common is skin cancer in Africa?

Skin cancer is rare among Africans and albinism is an established risk for skin cancer in this population. Ultraviolet radiation is highest at the equator and African albinos living close to the equator have the highest risk of developing skin cancers.

Which African country has the highest cancer rate?

According to these findings, the country of Nigeria has the highest cancer rate in Africa. Moreover, about 80 percent of these cancer cases lead to future fatalities.

Why is there so much cancer in Africa?

Population growth and aging are fueling a rise in cancers and noncommunicable diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, often in places which are ill-prepared to handle them. Between 2000 and 2020, the number of people between the ages of twenty-five and sixty-four in sub-Saharan Africa grew more 84 percent.

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Why is fair skin more prone to skin cancer?

Skin cancer is more common in fair skinned people because they have less of the protective pigment called melanin. People with darker skin are less likely to get skin cancer. But they can still get skin cancer. Darker skinned people are particularly at risk of skin cancer where the body has less direct sun exposure.