What are the five types of cancer?
The major types of cancer are carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia. Carcinomas — the most commonly diagnosed cancers — originate in the skin, lungs, breasts, pancreas, and other organs and glands. Lymphomas are cancers of lymphocytes. Leukemia is cancer of the blood.
What are the 3 broad types of cancers?
The following broad categories indicate the tissue and blood classifications of cancer.
- Carcinoma. A carcinoma is a cancer found in epithelial tissue, which covers or lines surfaces of organs, glands or body structures. …
- Sarcoma. …
- Lymphoma. …
- Leukemia. …
What is cancer and its types?
Types of Cancer
Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or the tissues that line other organs. Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage, and blood vessels. Leukemia is a cancer of bone marrow, which creates blood cells. Lymphoma and myeloma are cancers of the immune system.
What are the 10 most common types of cancer?
The Most Common Cancers and How to Spot Them
- Non-melanoma Skin Cancer.
- Breast Cancer.
- Lung Cancer.
- Prostate Cancer.
- Colon and Rectal Cancers.
- Bladder Cancer.
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
What are the two types of cancer?
Eventually, those abnormal cells can form into big masses, called tumors. These tumors can either be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant).
How are cancers named?
Cancer is named after the part of the body where it originated. When cancer spreads, it keeps this same name. For example, if kidney cancer spreads to the lungs, it is still kidney cancer, not lung cancer.
How are Tumours named?
Cancers are usually named using -carcinoma, -sarcoma or -blastoma as a suffix, with the Latin or Greek word for the organ or tissue of origin as the root.