How can you reduce your risk of vulvar cancer?
Can Vulvar Cancer Be Prevented?
- Avoid HPV infection. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for vulvar cancer. …
- Get vaccinated. Vaccines that protect against certain HPV infections are available. …
- Don’t smoke. Not smoking is another way to lower the risk for vulvar cancer. …
- Get regular pelvic checkups.
How quickly does vulvar cancer develop?
It takes several years for noticeable symptoms to develop. Vulvar melanoma accounts for about 5 percent of all vulvar cancers. A melanoma presents as a dark patch of discoloration. There is a high risk of this type of cancer spreading to other parts of the body, a process known as metastasis.
Can vaginal cancer be prevented?
The best way to reduce the risk of vaginal cancer is to avoid known risk factors and to find and treat any vaginal pre-cancers. But since many women with vaginal cancer have no known risk factors, it’s not possible to completely prevent this disease.
How do I check myself for vulvar cancer?
How Do I Perform a Vulvar Self-Exam?
- Stand, squat, or sit over the top of a handheld mirror, making sure you can see your genitals clearly. …
- Check the area where your pubic hair grows. …
- Next, find your clitoris. …
- Check your labia majora (the outer lips) and feel for any bumps.
Can poor hygiene cause vulvar cancer?
Chronic infections of vulvar skin, caused by poor hygiene or infections, may also be a risk factor for vulvar cancer.
What is the main cause of vulvar cancer?
The risk of vulvar cancer increases with age, though it can occur at any age. The average age at diagnosis is 65. Being exposed to human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that increases the risk of several cancers, including vulvar cancer and cervical cancer.
What are the warning signs of vulvar cancer?
Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
- Constant itching.
- Changes in the color and the way the vulva looks.
- Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation.
- Severe burning, itching or pain.
- An open sore that lasts for more than a month.
- Skin of the vulva looks white and feels rough.
Can you see vulvar cancer?
Ultimately, many women will develop a visible vulvar mass: the squamous cell subtype can look like elevated white, pink, or red bumps, while vulvar melanoma characteristically presents as a colored, ulcerated growth.
What should I do if I think I have vulvar cancer?
Vulvar cancer primarily spreads by invading surrounding tissue. The cancer cells may also travel to the lymph nodes. Treating metastatic vulvar cancer commonly includes a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. If surgery is not an option, your doctor may recommend just chemotherapy and radiation.
What are the odds of vaginal cancer?
Vaginal cancer is rare. It accounts for 1% to 2% of cancers in the female genital tract, and a very small portion of cancers overall. Vaginal cancer occurs mainly in older women. The average age at the time of diagnosis is 67.