Frequent question: What causes female reproductive cancers?

What are the early symptoms of female reproductive cancers?

Symptoms

  • Unusual vaginal bleeding, for example, after intercourse or after menopause.
  • Watery vaginal discharge.
  • A lump or mass in your vagina.
  • Painful urination.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Constipation.
  • Pelvic pain.

What is the most common cancer of the female reproductive system?

There are several reproductive cancers that occur in women. The most common ones are: Cervical cancer – cancer of the cervix, the lower end of the uterus that extends to the vagina. Ovarian cancer – cancer in the ovaries, the two organs that make female hormones and produce a woman’s eggs.

Which types of female reproductive cancers may be preventable?

According to the CDC, cervical cancer is the only cancer that can be prevented by having screening tests routinely and following up as warranted. When diagnosed early, cervical cancer is considered to be very curable.

How are reproductive cancers treated?

If… read more , the main treatment is surgical removal of the tumor. Surgery may be followed by radiation therapy or chemotherapy or, for advanced endometrial cancer, hormonal therapy. For ovarian cancer, treatment often starts with chemotherapy, followed by surgery, followed by chemotherapy.

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What cancers are caused by HPV virus?

Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV. Some cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils) are also caused by HPV. Almost all cervical cancer is caused by HPV.

What types of female cancers are there?

The five main types of gynecologic cancer are: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. (A sixth type of gynecologic cancer is the very rare fallopian tube cancer.) Of all the gynecologic cancers, only cervical cancer has screening tests that can find this cancer early, when treatment can be most effective.

What’s the leading cause of cervical cancer?

Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer.

What are the early warning signs of cervical cancer?

Early Warning Signs of Cervical Cancer

  • Vaginal bleeding (either after intercourse, between periods or post-menopause)
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge (heavy or with a foul odor)
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Pain and swelling in legs.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Decreased appetite.

What is the 7 warning signs of cancer?

These are potential cancer symptoms:

  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • A sore that does not heal.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.
  • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
  • Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole.
  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.