Frequent question: What side effects of chemotherapy put a patient at increased risk of infection?

What is the side effect of chemotherapy that leads to infection?

Chemotherapy can reduce your white blood cell level, making it harder for your body to fight infections. Viruses such as colds, flu and COVID-19 may be easier to catch and harder to shake off, and scratches or cuts may get infected more easily.

What does chemotherapy put you at risk for?

Long-lasting and late-developing side effects

Late side effects vary depending on the chemotherapy drug but can include: Damage to lung tissue. Heart problems. Infertility.

Can chemotherapy cause infection?

People with cancer who are treated with chemotherapy are more likely to get infections. Your immune system helps your body protect itself from getting an infection. Cancer and chemotherapy can damage this system by reducing the number of infection-fighting white blood cells.

When do chemo side effects start?

Some people have no side effects, others experience a range. If you have side effects, they will usually start during the first few weeks of treatment and may become more intense with each treatment cycle.

Do chemo side effects increase with each treatment?

The effects of chemo are cumulative. They get worse with each cycle.

THIS IS INTERESTING:  Frequent question: Should I have my rats tumor removed?

What is the hardest chemo?

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it’s used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Unfortunately, the drug can also damage heart cells, so a patient can’t take it indefinitely.

What are the late effects of chemotherapy?

Late effects of chemotherapy include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Difficulty with focused thinking (sometimes called chemo brain).
  • Early menopause.
  • Heart problems.
  • Reduced lung capacity.
  • Kidney and urinary problems.
  • Nerve problems such as numbness and tingling.
  • Bone and joint problems.

Why does chemotherapy cause infection?

High-dose chemo used with TBI causes more severe immune weakness that lasts for a longer time. It can also damage the skin and mucous membranes and make them less able to keep germs out of the body. This increases the risk of infection.

What are the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation?

What Are Common Side Effects of Chemo and Radiation?

  • Fatigue. Tiredness (fatigue) is the most common side effect of both chemotherapy and radiation. …
  • Flu-like Symptoms. …
  • Pain. …
  • Mouth, Gum, and Throat Sores. …
  • Gastrointestinal Problems. …
  • Skin Changes. …
  • Weight Changes. …
  • Hair Loss.

Is sepsis a side effect of chemo?

Yes. Having cancer and undergoing certain treatments for cancer, such as chemotherapy, can put you at higher risk of developing an infection, and infections can lead to sepsis. Chemotherapy works by killing the fastest-growing cells in your body—both good and bad.