How can you detect liver cancer early?

How is early liver cancer diagnosed?

Sometimes, the only way to be sure that liver cancer is present is to take a biopsy and look at it in the pathology lab. But in some cases, doctors can be fairly certain that a person has liver cancer based on the results of imaging tests such as CT and MRI scans. In these cases, a biopsy may not be needed.

What if liver cancer is caught early?

Survival rates depend on several factors, including the stage of the disease. For the 44% of people who are diagnosed with liver cancer at an early stage, the 5-year survival rate is 34%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 12%.

Can a blood test show liver cancer?

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC or liver cancer) cannot be diagnosed by routine blood tests. There is only one specific blood test which can be used towards a diagnosis of HCC. This test specifically measures for the levels of the protein alfa-fetoprotein in serum (AFP).

How do u know if u have liver cancer?

Early warning signs of liver cancer

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Pain in the upper abdomen on the right side or near the right shoulder blade. Abdominal swelling (ascites) or bloating in the abdomen that develops as a mass. Enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) felt as a mass under the ribs on the right side Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)

Can an ultrasound of the liver show cancer?

Ultrasound. Ultrasound is often the first test used to look at the liver. It uses sound waves to create an image on a computer screen. This test can show tumors growing in the liver, which then can be tested for cancer, if needed.

Can ultrasound detect liver damage?

An ultrasound, CT scan and MRI can show liver damage. Checking a tissue sample. Removing a tissue sample (biopsy) from your liver may help diagnose liver disease and look for signs of liver damage.

How long does it take for liver cancer to show symptoms?

Liver cancer does not usually cause symptoms until the tumor has grown large, pushing against other parts of the liver or other organs. But it can take months or even years for that to happen.

What are the first signs of a bad liver?

If signs and symptoms of liver disease do occur, the may include:

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Abdominal pain and swelling.
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles.
  • Itchy skin.
  • Dark urine color.
  • Pale stool color.
  • Chronic fatigue.
  • Nausea or vomiting.

Which scan is best for liver?

CT scans of the liver and biliary tract (the liver, gallbladder, and bile ducts) can provide more detailed information about the liver, gallbladder, and related structures than standard X-rays of the abdomen, thus providing more information related to injuries and/or diseases of the liver and biliary tract.

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What kind of pain does liver cancer cause?

Liver cancer pain is commonly focused on the top right of the abdominal area, near the right shoulder blade. The pain can sometimes extend into the back. It can also be felt in the lower right portion of the rib cage. The pain might be accompanied by swelling in the abdomen and in the legs and ankles.