How does gum cancer start?

What does gum cancer feel like?

A lump or thickening in the cheek. A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth. A sore throat or persistent feeling that something is caught in the throat. Difficulty swallowing or chewing.

How long does it take for gum cancer to develop?

Fact: Most cases of oral cancer are found in patients 50 years or older because this form of the disease often takes many years to develop. However, the number of cases linked to HPV and oral cancer has risen over the years and is putting younger people at a greater risk.

What are the first signs of gum cancer?

Common symptoms of gum cancer include:

  • Altered sense of taste.
  • Bleeding gums.
  • Cracking of the gums.
  • Difficulty eating.
  • Loosening of the teeth or ill-fitting dentures.
  • Lump that does not go away.
  • Nonhealing sore, which may be white, pale, red, dark, or otherwise discolored.
  • Pain.

Where does mouth cancer usually start?

Mouth cancers most commonly begin in the flat, thin cells (squamous cells) that line your lips and the inside of your mouth. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. It’s not clear what causes the mutations in squamous cells that lead to mouth cancer.

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What can be mistaken for oral cancer?

Mouth cancer on your gums can sometimes be mistaken for gingivitis, a common gum inflammation. Some of the signs are similar, including bleeding gums. However, gum cancer symptoms also include white, red or dark patches on the gums, cracking gums, and thick areas on the gums.

Is gum cancer hard or soft?

Oral cancer may appear differently based on its stage, location in the mouth, and other factors. Oral cancer may present as: patches of rough, white, or red tissue. a hard, painless lump near the back teeth or in the cheek.

How common is gum cancer?

Gum cancer is an oral cancer. According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, there are about 53,000 new cases of oral cancers every year. Patches or irregular growths on the gums can be signs of gum cancer. These patches and growths are red and white in color.