How many Australians get melanoma a year?

Is melanoma the most common cancer in Australia?

Furthermore, melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in Australians aged 15-29 years, and accounts for more than one-quarter of all cancers in this age group (AIHW).

Is Australia the melanoma capital of the world?

Australia is the skin cancer capital of the world. More than 11,500 Australian men and women are diagnosed with a melanoma each year, and an estimated 434,000 people are treated for one or more non-melanoma1 skin cancers. Skin cancer accounts for over 80% of all new cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia each year.

Why Australians are predisposed to melanoma?

Melanoma — the most virulent form of skin cancer — is caused by harmful ultraviolet light from the sun. Australia’s proximity to Antarctica, where there is a hole in the ozone layer that filters out UV rays, also increases the risk.

How common are melanomas in Australia?

Melanoma is the most deadly form of skin cancer. It is estimated 1300 people will die from melanoma in Australia this year. Melanoma is the most common cancer affecting 15 to 39-year-old Australians. Melanoma is the third most common cancer in Australian men, after prostate and colorectal cancer.

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What ages get melanoma?

The risk of melanoma increases as people age. The average age of people when it is diagnosed is 65. But melanoma is not uncommon even among those younger than 30. In fact, it’s one of the most common cancers in young adults (especially young women).

Which country has the highest rate of melanoma?

Australia had the highest rate of melanoma in 2018, followed by New Zealand.

Skin cancer rates: both sexes.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Australia 33.6
2 New Zealand 33.3
3 Norway 29.6
4 Denmark 27.6

Why is melanoma incidence increasing?

While excessive unprotected sun exposure and the use of commercial tanning beds are two of the major culprits in the increasing rates of melanoma in this age group, other factors may be at play, including genetics, according to two of the study’s authors, Demytra Mitsis, MD, Fellow in the Department of Medical Oncology …

Is there an ozone hole over Australia?

The ozone layer is depleted in two ways. Firstly, the ozone layer in the mid-latitude (e.g. over Australia) is thinned, leading to more UV radiation reaching the earth. … Secondly, the ozone layer over the Antarctic, and to a lesser extent the Arctic, is dramatically thinned in spring, leading to an ‘ozone hole’.

Why do more men get melanoma?

Differences in Skin – Men have thicker skin with less fat beneath and tend to have more collagen in their skin than women. Research shows that these differences make men’s skin more susceptible to receive more damage from the same amount of UV sunlight.

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How strong is the Australian sun?

In Australia, it reaches the scale’s 2nd maximum of 270-280 W/m2 on a large portion of the country. The sunlight that hits Australia is really strong, and there’s lots of it.