What are the major risk factors for the development of bronchogenic carcinoma?

Who is at risk for bronchogenic carcinoma?

breathing in hazardous chemicals such as asbestos, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, nickel, uranium, and some petroleum products. exposure to exhaust smoke and other particles in the air. genetics; a family history of lung cancer may place you at higher risk.

What are major risk factors for developing lung cancer?

Risk factors you can change

  • Tobacco smoke. Smoking is by far the leading risk factor for lung cancer. …
  • Secondhand smoke. …
  • Exposure to radon. …
  • Exposure to asbestos. …
  • Exposure to other cancer-causing agents in the workplace. …
  • Taking certain dietary supplements. …
  • Arsenic in drinking water. …
  • Previous radiation therapy to the lungs.

What is the most likely cause of bronchial cancer?

Smoking. Smoking tobacco is by far the leading cause of lung cancer. About 80% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking, and many others are caused by exposure to secondhand smoke. Smoking is clearly the strongest risk factor for lung cancer, but it often interacts with other factors.

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What are the risk factors of lung disease?

KEY MESSAGES Many risk factors for chronic respiratory diseases have been identified and can be prevented. Major risk factors include: tobacco smoke second hand tobacco smoke other indoor air pollutants outdoor air pollutants allergens occupational agents.

How does bronchogenic carcinoma spread?

The neoplasm may grow into the bronchial lumen, along the mucosa or into the bronchial wall and adjacent lung parenchyma. Eventually the neoplasm spreads to regional lymph nodes and distant organs such as the liver, brain and bone. Most bronchogenic carcinomas form a mass in or near the hilus.

Which factor increases a person’s risk for developing lung cancer quizlet?

Tobacco and alcohol use

Most people with these cancers have a history of smoking or other tobacco exposure, like chewing tobacco. The more you smoke, the greater your risk. Smoke from cigarettes, pipes, and cigars all increase your risk of getting these cancers.

Who is most susceptible to lung cancer?

Lung cancer mainly occurs in older people. Most people diagnosed with lung cancer are 65 or older; a very small number of people diagnosed are younger than 45. The average age of people when diagnosed is about 70.

What causes lung damage and increases the risk of developing cancer quizlet?

Smoking. Smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer. It causes about 90 percent of lung cancer cases. Tobacco smoke contains many chemicals that are known to cause lung cancer.

What are the risk factors for cerebrovascular disease?

Lifestyle-related factors that increase your risk of stroke include:

  • high blood pressure.
  • cigarette smoking.
  • diabetes.
  • high blood cholesterol levels.
  • heavy drinking.
  • a diet high in fat (particularly saturated) and salt, but low in fibre, fruit and vegetables.
  • lack of regular exercise.
  • obesity.
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What does increased risk mean?

A 200 percent relative risk means that you are three times as likely to develop that condition. Risk seems greater when put in these terms. A 100 percent increase in risk may seem enormous, but if the risk began as 1 in 100 people, a 100 percent increase in risk means that 2 out of 100 will be affected.

What are the four most common cancers in us?

The Top 10 Cancers of America

  1. 1 – Skin cancer. Skin cancer is divided into the non-melanoma and melanoma categories. …
  2. 2 – Lung cancer. …
  3. 3 – Prostate cancer. …
  4. 4 – Breast cancer. …
  5. 5 – Colorectal cancer. …
  6. 6 – Kidney (renal) cancer. …
  7. 7 – Bladder cancer. …
  8. 8 – Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.