What can chemotherapy be used for besides cancer?

Can chemo be used for non cancer?

Less commonly, chemotherapy is used to treat non-cancerous conditions. For example, low doses have been used to treat lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

What other diseases does chemotherapy treat?

Chemotherapy is a widely used class of drugs to treat many different disorders including, but not limited to: cancers, blood disorders, and a plethora of autoimmune diseases. Similarly it can be administered in many different forms: intravenously, topically, injected, or received orally.

Is chemo used for autoimmune disorders?

Chemotherapy helps people with certain inflammatory and autoimmune diseases because it slows cell reproduction and decreases certain products made by these cells that cause an inflammatory response to occur.

What is the drug used for chemotherapy?

Drugs in this group include 5-fluorouracil, 6-mercaptopurine, cytarabine, gemcitabine, and methotrexate, among many others. Anthracycline chemotherapy attacks the enzymes inside cancer cells’ DNA that help them divide and grow. They work for many types of cancer.

What happens if you choose not to have chemotherapy?

If you decide to stop chemotherapy, be sure you’re still getting relief from symptoms such as pain, constipation, and nausea. This is called palliative care, and it’s meant to improve your quality of life. Medications and other treatments, such as radiation, are part of palliative care.

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What is the life expectancy after chemotherapy?

During the 3 decades, the proportion of survivors treated with chemotherapy alone increased (from 18% in 1970-1979 to 54% in 1990-1999), and the life expectancy gap in this chemotherapy-alone group decreased from 11.0 years (95% UI, 9.0-13.1 years) to 6.0 years (95% UI, 4.5-7.6 years).

What is the most toxic chemotherapy drug?

Doxorubicin, an old chemotherapy drug that carries this unusual moniker because of its distinctive hue and fearsome toxicity, remains a key treatment for many cancer patients.

What autoimmune diseases are treated with chemo?

Multiple sclerosis (MS), Myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and autoimmune uveitis are serious life-altering diseases with well-established autoimmune etiologies. Several studies using chemotherapy and biotherapeutic agents dem- onstrated positive results in the treatment for some of these diseases.

Is chemo used to treat lupus?

Although chemotherapy drugs can be used to treat lupus and cancer, lupus is not cancer. For some patients whose kidneys or central nervous systems are affected by lupus, a type of drug called an immunosuppressive may be used.

Can chemotherapy trigger rheumatoid arthritis?

Post-chemotherapy rheumatism may present as rheumatoid arthritis, reactive arthritis, vasculitis or arthritis, with the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and antinuclear antibodies (ANAs).

Can chemo cause lupus?

Drug-induced subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus is an uncommon disorder associated with the use of pharmacological agents including systemic chemotherapy.