What does hormone naïve mean?
Hormone naïve advanced prostate cancer is subdivided into two disease states: biochemical recurrence and traditional M1 (metastatic) prostate cancer and characterized by no prior hormonal therapy or androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).
What is mHNPC?
Purpose of review: Until 2015, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) alone was the standard-of-care for metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer (mHNPC).
What is the orofacial area?
Orofacial pain includes, by definition, pain that originates from oral structures accompanied by facial pain. The facial area includes the region demarcated as below the orbitomeatal line, above the neck, and anterior to the ears.
What is the most common orofacial pain?
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the most prevalent orofacial pain conditions for which patients seek treatment. Temporomandibular disorders include a number of clinical problems that involve the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or both.
What is chronic orofacial pain?
Chronic orofacial pain (COP) is defined by a perseverance of pain for longer than 6 months combined with signs of “chronification,” such as a strong association with psychosocial problems, frequent changes of physicians, and multiple further areas of pain [3–8].
How is orofacial pain diagnosed?
Have patient identify the location of pain. Have patient identify any incident that initiated the onset of the pain (e.g., accident, fall, biting on hard object) Visual inspection of the suspected tooth, teeth and hard or soft tissue. Assess the area for swelling, fistula or presence of exudate.