What is the leading factor of skin cancer?
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the number one cause of skin cancer, but UV light from tanning beds is just as harmful. Exposure to sunlight during the winter months puts you at the same risk as exposure during the summertime.
What is the reason for the increase in rates of skin cancer?
The increase in the incidence of skin cancer can be mainly attributed to the use of artificial sunlamps and intense exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light (Bologniaetal.,2012).
What are 3 risk factors for skin cancer?
What Are the Risk Factors for Skin Cancer?
- A lighter natural skin color.
- Skin that burns, freckles, reddens easily, or becomes painful in the sun.
- Blue or green eyes.
- Blond or red hair.
- Certain types and a large number of moles.
- A family history of skin cancer.
- A personal history of skin cancer.
- Older age.
What are five risk factors for basal and squamous cell carcinoma?
Basal and Squamous Cell Skin Cancer Risk Factors
- Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. …
- Having light-colored skin. …
- Being older. …
- Being male. …
- Exposure to certain chemicals. …
- Radiation exposure. …
- Previous skin cancer. …
- Long-term or severe skin inflammation or injury.
Why are melanoma rates increasing?
While excessive unprotected sun exposure and the use of commercial tanning beds are two of the major culprits in the increasing rates of melanoma in this age group, other factors may be at play, including genetics, according to two of the study’s authors, Demytra Mitsis, MD, Fellow in the Department of Medical Oncology …
Are skin cancer rates increasing or decreasing?
Despite great advances in medical research and treatment, we find ourselves in the midst of an ongoing epidemic. Skin cancer incidence rates of the three major types of skin cancer – basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma – continue to rise.
Which countries have the highest rate of skin cancer?
There were nearly 300,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of melanoma of the skin in 2018 are given in the tables below.
Skin cancer rates: both sexes.
|Rank||Country||Age-standardised rate per 100,000|
Is skin cancer dominant or recessive?
In fair-complexioned individuals worldwide, the majority of melanoma cases are related to environmental factors such as excessive ultraviolet radiation (sun exposure). However, about 5-10% of melanoma cases are inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion.
What is the main cause of melanoma?
For example, ultraviolet (UV) rays are clearly a major cause of melanoma. UV rays can damage the DNA in skin cells. Sometimes this damage affects certain genes that control how the cells grow and divide. If these genes no longer work properly, the affected cells may become cancer cells.