What is the survival rate of stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer?

What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.

How quickly does nasopharyngeal cancer progress?

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.

5-year relative survival rates for nasopharyngeal cancer.

SEER stage 5-year relative survival rate
All SEER stages combined 61%

Does nasopharyngeal cancer cause death?

One of the most common cancers in head and neck is nasopharyngeal cancer [3, 4], which is associated with a very unique geographical distribution pattern. It is reported that there are about 86,500 cases of nasopharynx cancer and 50,000 deaths from the disease worldwide [5].

What is the survival rate for Stage 4?

According to the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program, the 5-year survival rate is 98.9% if the cancer is caught before it has spread beyond the prostate gland. The survival rate drops to about 28-30% if the cancer is detected at stage IV.

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What is metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma?

Most people with nasopharyngeal carcinoma have regional metastases. That means cancer cells from the initial tumor have migrated to nearby areas, such as lymph nodes in the neck. Cancer cells that spread to other areas of the body (distant metastases) most commonly travel to the bones, lungs and liver.

Is nasopharyngeal cancer aggressive?

Nasopharyngeal cancer is often aggressive, so it may grow and spread quickly. Generally, the earlier nasopharyngeal cancer is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome. But often nasopharyngeal cancer is not found until it is at an advanced stage, which can make it harder to treat.

What are the chances of surviving nasopharyngeal cancer?

If the cancer is located only in the nasopharynx, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 49%.

Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?

In most cases, people with nasopharyngeal cancer notice a lump on the back of their neck. There may be one or multiple lumps, and they‘re usually not painful. These masses appear when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes in the neck and causes them to swell.

Does nasopharyngeal cancer come back?

If NPC comes back, the baseline study will help the doctors track when the changes began. Most recurrences of NPC happen within the first 2 to 3 years after treatment, so follow-up visits will be more frequent during those years. People who have had NPC have a higher risk of developing a second cancer.

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Is nasopharyngeal cancer hereditary?

The exact cause of most cases of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is not known. But scientists have found that it’s linked with certain diets, infections, and inherited characteristics.

Is nasopharynx cancer curable?

Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.