What is chemotherapy in simple words?
: the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer.
What is chemotherapy with example?
This group of medicines works directly on DNA to keep the cell from reproducing itself. These drugs will kill cells in all phases of the cell cycle. Some examples of alkylating agents are Chlorambucil, Cyclophosphamide, Cisplatin, and Carboplatin.
What is chemotherapy in science?
chemotherapy, the treatment of diseases by chemical compounds. Chemotherapeutic drugs were originally those employed against infectious microbes, but the term has been broadened to include anticancer and other drugs.
What is the purpose of chemotherapy?
Chemo is considered a systemic treatment because the drugs travels throughout the body, and can kill cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) to parts of the body far away from the original (primary) tumor. This makes it different from treatments like surgery and radiation.
What is chemotherapy Class 12?
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs (medicines) to cure cancer. These drugs are chosen according to the type and stage of cancer. These drugs get into the body and kill cancer cells specifically and help to inhibit spreading cancer cells to other body parts.
Definition Chemotherapy & Antibiotics: • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the treatment of infections by substances which destroy or suppress bacteria and other microorganism. The substances / Agents used may natural synthetic or semi – synthetic in nature.
Is all chemo the same?
There is no one correct choice in choosing chemotherapy. Each treatment protocol has advantages and disadvantages, and there may be more than one good option. In addition, treatment choices can change over time. A good chemotherapy treatment choice at one time may not be the choice at a later time.
What is chemo made of?
Plant alkaloids are chemotherapy treatments derived made from certain types of plants. The vinca alkaloids are made from the periwinkle plant (catharanthus rosea). The taxanes are made from the bark of the Pacific Yew tree (taxus). The vinca alkaloids and taxanes are also known as antimicrotubule agents.
What is radiation and chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are both treatments for cancer – the uncontrolled growth and spread of cells to surrounding tissues. Chemotherapy, or “chemo,” uses special drugs to shrink or kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy, or “radiation,” kills these cells with high-energy beams such as X-rays or protons.