Is leukemia associated with other cancers?
People with CLL can get any type of second cancer, but they have an increased risk of: Skin cancer. Melanoma of the skin. Cancer of the larynx.
Certain genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome, are associated with an increased risk of leukemia. Exposure to certain chemicals. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as benzene — which is found in gasoline and is used by the chemical industry — is linked to an increased risk of some kinds of leukemia. Smoking.
What increases your chances of getting leukemia?
People exposed to high doses of radiation (from the explosion of an atomic bomb, working in an atomic weapons plant, or a nuclear reactor accident) have a heightened risk of developing leukemia. Long-term exposure to high levels of solvents such as benzene — in the workplace, for example — is a known risk factor.
Who is most susceptible to leukemia?
Leukemia is most frequently diagnosed in people 65 to 74 years of age. Leukemia is more common in men than in women, and more common in Caucasians than in African-Americans. Although leukemia is rare in children, of the children or teens who develop any type of cancer, 30% will develop some form of leukemia.
Can chronic leukemia turn into acute leukemia?
The leukemia cells grow and divide, building up in the bone marrow and spilling over into the blood. In time, the cells can also settle in other parts of the body, including the spleen. CML is a fairly slow growing leukemia, but it can change into a fast-growing acute leukemia that’s hard to treat.
Which leukemia is common in Down syndrome?
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is most common in children ages 1-4. Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) is a rare type of AML that most often affects children who have Down syndrome. Acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) is most common in children ages 2-6, but it can develop at any age.
Does leukemia run in families?
Leukemia does not usually run in families, so in most cases, it is not hereditary. However, people can inherit genetic abnormalities that increase their risk of developing this form of cancer. In other cases, environmental and lifestyle factors can increase a person’s risk of leukemia.
Which chemo causes secondary malignancy?
Chemotherapy agents that have an increased risk for second cancers include: Alkylating agents (mechlorethamine, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide, melphalan, lomustine, carmustine, busulfan) Platinum-based drugs (cisplatin, carboplatin)
What are secondary cancers?
Secondary cancers are the same type of cancer as the original (primary) cancer. For example, cancer cells may spread from the breast (primary cancer) to form new tumors in the lung (secondary cancer). The cancer cells in the lung are just like the ones in the breast. Also called secondary tumor.
Where does CML metastasis to?
Chronic myeloid leukemia or CML is a type of cancer that starts from cells in the bone marrow that are supposed to grow into different types of blood cells. Most of the time CML grows slowly, but over time the leukemia cells can spill out into the blood and spread to other parts of the body, like the spleen.